Skip to main content. Search form Search. Find An Analyst Events. This is a practice often done prior to an intervention where the patient is encouraged to attend to experiences that they have been avoiding. Defense mechanisms are used by the ego as a way to deal with conflict of problems in life. Operating at an unconscious level, defense mechanisms help to reduce negative feelings e.
Psychoanalysis - Wikipedia
Psychoanalytic therapy is one of the most well-known treatment modalities, but it is also frequently misunderstood by mental health consumers. The goal of this therapy is to help patients better understand the unconscious forces that can play a role in their current behaviors, thoughts, and emotions. Freud described the unconscious as the reservoir of desires, thoughts, and memories that are below the surface of conscious awareness. He believed that these unconscious influences could often lead to psychological distress and disturbances. Psychoanalysis frequently involves looking at early childhood experiences in order to discover how these events might have shaped the individual and how they contribute to current actions.
The discipline was established in the early s by Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud , who retained the term psychoanalysis for his own school of thought. Psychoanalysis was later developed in different directions, mostly by students of Freud, such as Alfred Adler and his collaborator, Carl Gustav Jung , [iii] as well as by neo-Freudian thinkers, such as Erich Fromm , Karen Horney , and Harry Stack Sullivan. Psychoanalysis has been known to be a controversial discipline, and its validity as a science is very contested. Nonetheless, it retains a relatively salient influence within psychiatry , albeit more so in some quarters than others. The basic tenets of psychoanalysis include: .
Psychoanalytic theory is the theory of personality organization and the dynamics of personality development that guides psychoanalysis , a clinical method for treating psychopathology. First laid out by Sigmund Freud in the late 19th century, psychoanalytic theory has undergone many refinements since his work. Psychoanalytic theory came to full prominence in the last third of the twentieth century as part of the flow of critical discourse regarding psychological treatments after the s, long after Freud's death in His study emphasized the recognition of childhood events that could influence the mental functioning of adults.